Seminar: Nonlinear Quantum Graphs: Canonical Perturbation Approach to Stationary States

Speaker: Sven Gnutzmann, School of Mathematical Sciences

Time: WED, 14th June, 4.00 – 5.00 PM 

Venue: A17, School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Nottingham

Title: Nonlinear Quantum Graphs: Canonical Perturbation Approach to Stationary States

Abstract: I consider nonlinear Schrödinger equations on metric graphs as a qualitative model for nonlinear fibre-optical networks or Bose-Einstein condensates in quasi-one-dimensional traps.  As exact wave solutions along each edge are available (at least for the simplest case of a cubic non-linearity) the problem reduces to a set of coupled nonlinear algebraic equations that describe the matching conditions at the nodes of the graph. While these equations are often not very illuminating numerical solutions show a large variety of nonlinear effects such as bifurcations or multistability.

Using canonical perturbation theory I present approximate wave solutions along the edges that simplify the analysis. The perturbative equations remain valid in the short-wavelength asymptotics. In this regime they allow for sufficiently large intensities that allow for genuine non-linear effects to be studied.

The talk will focus on the basic framework and illustrative examples.